Healthcare is essential for a brighter future of life on the planet, and it has been growing ever since the Renaissance period. Right research, innovations and discoveries in modern medicine is important to find the true solutions to all healthcare problems. We have come a long way in healthcare technology with different programs and services for the known diseases and conditions known to mankind. Understanding the industry, the processes, and the areas of improvements is important to advance towards future healthcare. In the past decade, we have done so much in the field of medicine, that it is equivalent to what we accomplished over centuries in the past. With these modern medicine and healthcare we have accomplished a healthier environment for ourselves.
The first blood transfusion was done in 1667 between a boy and a sheep by Jean- Baptiste Denys. But today it has evolved a lot more, and now it is possible to even donate blood to a patient having a different blood group. The process of giving and receiving blood has been doing a lot better nowadays, and the patients in need of blood can now worry less about finding the exact blood group for themselves. Blood transfusion can also be used to treat conditions like sickle cell disease.
It is a procedure in which a surgeon carefully replaces an organ in a patient’s body with an organ from another human’s body. This treatment has saved thousands of lives since its first implementation in 1883 when Nobel Laureate Theodor Kocher successfully transplanted thyroid in a patient. Today the organ transplantation has reached to the level of replacing external organs. In 2015, the first double hand transplant became successful on a child.
Since its invention in 1955 by Gregory Goodwin Picus & John Rock, contraceptive pill has been a choice of women to decide their pregnancy. It has given much more freedom to women to avoid unwanted responsibilities at the learning and career development age of their lives. It became available for everyone in the 1960s, which opened the options for women to control their pregnancy depending on the situation and other social and biological factors. The labs are working every day to create an option for men as well, and the medicines are getting tested in clinics to be introduced in near future.
The earliest records of practising vaccination goes back to 17th century when China and India were developing prevention measures to avoid certain diseases. Smallpox was one of the first diseases to get completely eradicated by vaccination. It is a process which trains the immune system to fight infections. Vaccination has proved to be the prevention for dangerous and fatal diseases such as rabies and tuberculosis.
The most common infections and diseases needed to be cured to prevent any amplified effects due to prolonged suffering. The first antimicrobial drug was discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1928. Antibiotics help in eradicating and preventing bacterial infections in our bodies. It can cure the smallest troublesome diseases as well as can be a lifesaver in deadly diseases.